As climate change makes Indianapolis hotter, some communities will suffer more than others

Read the full story in the Indianapolis Star.

The record-breaking heat this summer has produced higher air conditioning bills, greater energy usage, increased air pollution and more greenhouse gas emissions here in Indiana and across the country.

The rising heat, brought on by climate change, is also putting Hoosiers at greater risk of heat-related health complications. But not everyone has the same risk.

Climate denial newspaper flourishes on Facebook

Read the full story at ClimateWire.

One of the most-viewed sites on Facebook in the last few months is a subscription page for a conservative media outlet that publishes climate denial.

The Epoch Times, a far-right newspaper that echoes anti-vaccine messages and promoted former President Trump’s false election claims, received 44.2 million views between April and June for a page that offers to sign up subscribers, according to a report released by Facebook last week.

The gassing Of Satartia

Read the full story from the Huffington Post.

A CO2 pipeline in Mississippi ruptured last year, sickening dozens of people. What does it forecast for the massive proposed buildout of pipelines across the U.S.?

EPA awards $7 million in grants to reduce health risks of wildland fire smoke exposures

As part of its Science to Achieve Results (STAR) program, EPA awarded $7 million in grant funding for researchers to address behavioral, technical, and practical aspects of interventions and communication strategies to reduce exposures and health risks of wildland fire smoke.

Larger and more intense wildfires are creating the potential for greater smoke production and chronic exposures in the United States. To reduce the risk of catastrophic wildfires, the use of prescribed burns as a land manage tool is also increasing. Smoke released from wildland fires (wildfires and prescribed burns) is made up of a complex mixture of gases and fine particles produced when wood and other organic materials burn. The biggest health threat from smoke is from fine particles. These microscopic particles can get into your eyes and respiratory system – whether you are outdoors or indoors, and cause health problems such as burning eyes, runny nose, and illnesses such as bronchitis. Fine particles also can aggravate chronic heart and lung diseases – and even are linked to premature deaths in people with these conditions. In addition to particle pollution, smoke also contains air toxics that can cause cancer or other serious health effects.

To improve public health, the institutions receiving these grants will conduct research to understand what actions might be effective for reducing exposures to wildland fire smoke and how best to communicate these actions to various groups.

The grants will fund the following research projects:

Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia

Award: $1,000,000

Project Title: Integrated Communication and Intervention Strategies to Reduce Exposure to Prescribed Wildland Fire Emissions in Schools, Schoolchildren and Communities

Principal Investigator: Armistead (Ted) Russell

Study Locations: Southern Georgia and Alabama

The goal of the project is to employ and assess the effectiveness of air quality forecasting, on-site low-cost monitoring and air cleaning, along with coordinated communication approaches, at reducing exposures of schoolchildren in southern Georgia and Alabama to elevated levels of PM2.5 and other air pollutants from prescribed burns. The project will address three hypotheses: 1) An integrated strategy containing both interventions and communications can reduce wildland fire pollution exposure in children and youth; 2) Targeted intervention, e.g., classroom-based air cleaning, can be used to effectively reduce exposures of school community members to prescribed burn emissions; and 3) Prescribed burn air quality impact forecasting can be used to reduce smoke exposures, both by adjusting the timing of burn activities that would lead to large population exposures and by alerting and providing guidance to potentially impacted areas in advance.

More information.

Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio

Award: $999,995

Project Title: Enhancing Communication to Reduce Health Risks of Wildland Fire Smoke Exposure Due to Prescribed Burns

Principle Investigator: Olorunfemi Adetona

Study Locations: Ohio, South Carolina, Virginia

Although prescribed burning is an essential land management tool, it contributes to air pollution in the United States. The goal of this project is to decrease smoke exposures and associated health impacts from prescribed burn events. The research team is using robust and innovative qualitative and quantitative methods to conduct formative research on health risk communication messaging, materials, and mechanisms related to prescribed bum events, which will inform the development and dissemination of a Risk Communication ToolKit that can be used to plan for and conduct health risk communication in communities surrounding prescribed burn events.

More information.

University of Colorado-Boulder, Boulder, Colorado

Award: $549,919

Project Title: Informing School Decision-Making During Wildfire Events: Evaluation of Indoor PM2.5 Exposures and Associated Health Impacts in Children

Principal Investigator: Colleen Reid

Study Location: Denver, Colorado

When wildfire smoke impacts a community, schools must determine whether to close and send students home based on whether schools or children’s homes are likely to have better indoor air quality. Many schools and communities, however, do not have information on PM2.5 levels inside and outside of their schools and homes to inform decisions about where students should shelter. The team will use low-cost air sensors to compare indoor school-day PM2.5 concentrations at homes and schools in the Denver area during wildfire season. The goal of this research project is to collect data to inform whether schools should stay open or closed during wildfire air pollution events.

More information.

University of Colorado-Boulder, Boulder, Colorado

Award: $549,000

Project Title: Assessing the Transport of Wildfire-Generated Particulate Matter into Homes and Developing Practical Interventions to Reduce Human Exposure (WildPM)

Principal Investigator: Marina Vance

Study Locations: Western U.S.

During a wildfire, some of the smoke from outdoors can enter homes and make it unhealthy to breathe indoor air, too. To protect people sheltering in homes during wildfire smoke events, the research team is assessing the transport of wildfire-generated particulate matter into single-family housing in the Western U.S. and developing practical interventions to help people reduce their indoor exposure to particulate matter from wildfires. The research team will evaluate the effectiveness of sustainable and practical interventions, including strategies in air cleaning, ventilation, and building sealing, in reducing indoor concentrations of particulate matter from wildfires.

More information.

Desert Research Institute

Award: $544,763

Project Title: Development, Implementation and Evaluation of Stakeholder-Driven Wildfire Smoke Monitoring and Messaging in Rural Nevada

Principal Investigator: Kristen Vander Mollen

Study Location: Northern Nevada

The goal of this project is to increase wildfire smoke risk mitigation in rural communities through the development, implementation, and evaluation of stakeholder-driven monitoring and messaging in Northern Nevada. The research team will evaluate the performance of selected portable air quality sensors; identify wildfire smoke risk knowledge gaps of emergency managers and the public; develop education materials for emergency mangers; and evaluate the effectiveness of in situ monitoring and messaging to mitigate wildfire smoke risk.

More information.

Stanford University, Stanford, California

Award: $999,846

Project Title: Evaluating the Effectiveness of Interventions on Reducing Wildfire Smoke Exposure and Health Risks in Low-Income Hard-to-Reach Communities in California

Principal Investigator: Gabrielle Wong-Parodi

Study Locations:  San Mateo County and Santa Clara County, California

In the western United States, wildfire smoke exposure increasingly threatens the health of low-income and non-English speaking communities. The team is researching affordable technology-and native language messaging-based interventions to decrease exposure to smoke and health risks among these communities during wildfires. Data will be collected and communicated through an innovative combination of a smartphone app (Stanford Smoke Study App, built from EPA’s Smoke Sense Platform) and air pollution exposure and health sensing devices. The goal of this project is to identify affordable and actionable intervention steps to reduce health impacts from smoke exposure for low-income, non-English speaking individuals and communities in northern California.

More information.

University of California – Berkeley, Berkeley, California

Award: $988,740

Project Title: Participatory Design of Effective Risk Communication About Wildfire Smoke for Hard-to-Reach Populations

Principal Investigator: Linda Neuhauser

Study Location: California

This project focuses on improving communication on the risks of wildfire smoke exposure to harder-to-reach populations including farmworkers, Tribal Nations, the deaf community and non-native English speakers in California. The research team is analyzing existing resources on the dangers of wildfire smoke exposure. Researchers are also working with these communities to develop high-quality risk communication resources and tested, sustainable strategies for large-scale and locally targeted dissemination strategies that can be used by communities and healthcare providers to protect people from the health impacts of wildfire smoke exposure.

More information.

Public Health Institute, Oakland, California

Award: $994,407

Project Title: Filtration for Respiratory Exposure to wildfire Smoke from Swamp Cooler Air (FRESSCA)

Principal Investigator: Gina Solomon

Study Locations: Fresno County and Kern County, California

In California’s San Joaquin Valley, the topography of the region traps smoke plumes from wildfires in both northern and southern California, resulting in extremely high particulate matter concentrations for many weeks each wildfire season. Agricultural workers may be disproportionately exposed to wildfire smoke because they work outdoors, and this exposure can continue after the workday ends if wildfire smoke infiltrates their homes. For this project, the research team is designing and field testing an affordable and effective filtration system for rooftop evaporative coolers, which are often used to cool homes without air conditioning in the region. The goal of the project is to create an affordable and effective filter that cleans the air and could be mass-produced for use in homes with evaporative coolers throughout the western U.S.

More information.

Portland State University, Portland, Oregon

Award: $547,899

Project Title: Household Atmospheric Dynamics under Elevated Smoke (HADES): Holistic Evaluation of Interventions for Reducing Indoor Levels of Wildland Fire Emissions

Principal Investigator: Elliott Gall

Study Location: Portland, Oregon

For this project, researchers are conducting field and laboratory measurements to holistically evaluate the effectiveness of recommended strategies to reduce indoor exposures to wildfire smoke. The research team is creating an Indoor Woodsmoke Dynamics (IWOOD) test facility to take measurements of airtightness, air exchange rate, and pollutant infiltration and penetration factors in homes. This will help improve the understanding of outdoor to indoor transport of gas and particle phase woodsmoke constituents in single-family detached homes. The team is also measuring the abundance and retention of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) on interior walls and evaluating the effectiveness of cleaning procedures. These chemicals can stick to indoor surfaces and slowly re-emit for months after a wildfire.

More information.

University of Washington, Seattle, Washington

Award: $548,537

Project Title: School Resilience to Wildland Smoke and Outdoor sources of Fine & Ultrafine Particles

Principal Investigator: Elena Austin

Study Locations: King County and Yakima County, Washington

The goal of the research is to enhance existing efforts taking place in Washington state to identify evidence-based solutions utilizing portable air cleaners (PACs) to improve indoor air quality in schools. Researchers are partnering with both urban and rural schools in Washington to implement a classroom-based Portable Air Cleaner (PAC) to reduce exposure to wildland fire smoke. The team will also work with schools to adapt an existing, hands-on air quality curriculum aimed at increasing environmental health literacy on the topic of ambient smoke, air quality and health.

More information.

Related Resources

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Read the full story in The Hill.

About 87 percent of the $540 billion in government support allocated to farmers each year is “environmentally and socially harmful,” according to a United Nations report released Tuesday. 

Scientists are toilet-training baby cows to cut emissions

Read the full story from Bloomberg Green.

A toilet-training program designed to help treat cow urine in a more sustainable way could help minimize the environmental impact of toxic substances produced by the waste.

After a clash over costs and carbon, a Minnesota utility wants to step back from its main electricity supplier

Read the full story at Inside Climate News.

In the proposed move, Great River Energy would lose its largest full member, a sign of an emerging conflict among electric co-ops over the pace of the energy transition.

Harvard moves to complete fossil fuel investment exit, invests in green economy solutions

Read the full story at ESG Today.

Harvard University’s $42 billion endowment fund manager is moving to complete its exit from fossil fuel companies, according to a statement by Harvard President Lawrence Bacow outlining the university’s action on addressing climate change.

A beginner’s guide to the ‘hydrogen rainbow’

Read the full story in Popular Science.

There are myriad ways to turn hydrogen into energy, but they aren’t all healthy for the atmosphere.

PepsiCo to open £187m sustainable manufacturing plant in Poland

Read the full story in Food Manufacture.

PepsiCo has announced plans to open a 1bn Polish zloty (£187m) production facility in Poland, said to be its most sustainable food manufacturing plant in Europe.

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