An integrated, net-negative system captures carbon and produces ethylene

Read the full story from the University of Illinois Chicago.

Engineers have built a machine that captures carbon from flue gas and converts it to ethylene. The device integrates a carbon capture system with an ethylene conversation system for the first time.

Technology helps companies evaluate, optimize CCU possibilities

Read the full story at Environment + Energy Leader.

A software platform that will help companies efficiently implement carbon capture and utilization processes is part of a partnership between Aspen Technology and Aramco.

The modeling and optimization platform will help industries find practical and economical results for carbon capture and utilization (CCU), according to the partnership. It will help companies find a balance between emissions reductions and business operations and evaluate the risks of sustainability initiatives.

Cumbria coal mine: empty promises of carbon capture tech have excused digging up more fossil fuel for decades

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by Marc Hudson, University of Sussex

The idea that a technology called carbon capture and storage (CCS) could catch molecules of CO₂ as they emerge from the chimneys of power stations and factories has been around for more than two decades. Michael Gove, the secretary of state responsible for “levelling up” the UK’s regions, recently justified his approval of the UK’s first new coal mine in 30 years with “increased use of CCS”. There’s only one problem: CCS won’t cancel out Woodhouse Colliery’s emissions, which are estimated at 400,000 tonnes a year, because it barely exists.

The UK government first started talking about CCS in the late 1990s, when it was looking to meet and exceed its commitment to cut emissions under the Kyoto Protocol.

The fact that developing countries like China and India were planning to burn coal for decades made the UK consider starting a CCS industry as its “gift to the world”, in the words of one senior lobbyist I interviewed for research into industrial decarbonisation.

It’s obvious why oil and gas companies like the idea of CCS. Fossil fuel firms can keep extracting and selling their product (coking coal for the steel industry in the case of the new mine in Cumbria, north-west England, almost all of which is expected to be exported) and mopping up the climate-wrecking emissions is someone else’s responsibility. Politicians have been more circumspect. Some have chafed at the enormous upfront cost of developing and installing CCS and sinking taxpayers’ money into a potential white elephant.

The proposed site of the deep coal mine, near Whitehaven in Cumbria, England. Simon Cole/Alamy Stock Photo

Over the last 20 years in the UK, the future potential of CCS has been used to justify prolonging coal power, making hydrogen fuel from the potent greenhouse gas methane and building more gas-fired power stations.

Advocates of a greenhouse gas removal industry which would scrub excess carbon dioxide from the atmosphere now envisage a vast network of pipes and ships transporting captured CO₂ to storage facilities. One group known as the Coalition for Negative Emissions, composed of energy firms and airlines among other companies, sees the potential in CCS to allow societies to “decarbonise while ensuring continued economic progress”. It also points out, (fairly, in my opinion) that “the enabling infrastructure [has] significant scale-up times [and] this acceleration needs to start today”.

Amid all these breathless position papers and adverts, it can be easy to forget that pilot programmes for CCS have been plagued by cost-overruns and operational failures. CCS is still many years away from making a dent in humanity’s emissions, even if everything goes much more smoothly than it has – repeatedly – in the past.

To use the possible commercial existence of CCS some time in the future as a reason to wave through a high-carbon development now, as Gove has done, is a good example of what some fellow academics have called “mitigation deterrence”.

The UK urged countries to ‘consign coal to history’ when it hosted a UN climate summit in 2021. EPA-EFE/Andy Rain

Meaning, efforts at mitigating climate change (by reducing the amount of carbon spewed into the atmosphere) are deterred by the real or imagined existence of future technologies that might work. It’s the equivalent of smoking more and more cigarettes each day and gambling that a cure for cancer will exist by the time you need it.

Marc Hudson, Research Fellow in Industrial Decarbonisation Policy, University of Sussex

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.

Carbon capture for New York high-rise apartments is a real thing now

Read the full story at Canary Media.

As New York City works to reduce building-related carbon emissions, one 30-story apartment tower is proving you can trap and sequester carbon from gas boiler exhaust.

Carbon capture deployed for Indianapolis Airport runway revamp

Read the full story at Engineering News-Record.

A $190-million runway and taxiway reconstruction project at Indianapolis International Airport features the first-ever Federal Aviation Administration-approved use of a carbon capture technology in the pavement. The project is the first of its kind to receive Envision Platinum certification.

The project uses CarbonCure, a technology that introduces recycled CO2 into fresh concrete to reduce its carbon footprint without compromising performance. Once injected, the CO2 undergoes mineralization and is permanently embedded.

Man-made rocks show promise as a carbon capture solution

Read the full story at Centered.

Scientists and entrepreneurs around the world are working on innovations to reduce the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and ease the gas’s impact on climate change. While some focus on preventing CO2 from being released in the first place, such as with low- or no-carbon transportation technologies, others are perfecting methods for grabbing CO2 directly from the air and storing it or turning it into valuable products.

Researchers at the Missouri University of Science and Technology are doing the latter by creating man-made rocks from CO2. The resulting material also could be used to make cement. Cement production is a carbon-intensive industry and is becoming more so, but innovative carbon capture technologies can help to reverse the trend, according to the International Energy Agency

Partnership to accelerate commercialization of NETL-supported carbon capture technology

Read the full story from the National Energy Technology Laboratory.

A transformational absorption-based carbon capture technology long supported by NETL that can help lower the cost of more effectively eliminating carbon dioxide (CO2) in a range of industrial applications is the subject of a new agreement between two technology development organizations to accelerate industrialization and scale-up.

Schlumberger, a technology company that works with partners to deploy innovative technologies on a global basis, and RTI International, an independent nonprofit research institute dedicated to advancing objective and multidisciplinary answers to scientific challenges, announced that they will work together to accelerate the scale-up of a non-aqueous solvent (NAS) technology that enhances the efficiency of absorption-based CO2 capture in industrial applications.

Getting it to stick: Grabbing CO2 out of the air

Read the full story from the University of Pittsburgh.

Direct air capture is hard to do. Researchers are now designing new materials that selectively catch carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.

Why use recycled CO2 in fresh concrete?

Read the full story at AzoBuild.

Decarbonizing the construction industry is currently a central research focus. Engineers and scientists have extensively explored innovative strategies to reduce carbon emissions and consequent climate change-inducing characteristics of materials and processes.

Big Oil talks ‘transition’ but perpetuates petroleum, House documents say

Read the full story in the Washington Post.

Some of the world’s major oil companies remain internally skeptical about the “energy transition” to a low-carbon economy, even as they publicly portray their firms as partners in the cause, according to documents obtained by The Washington Post that a House committee released Friday.

The documents arepart of atrove obtained by the House Committee on Oversight and Reform during a year-long investigation. They reveal oil company executives dismissing the potential for renewable energy to quickly replace fossil fuels, while working to secure a future for natural gas. They also detail industry efforts to secure government tax credits for carbon capture projects that might relieve them of the need to drastically alter their business models.

The documents — many of them copies of internal emails between oil company officials — describe ExxonMobil’s efforts in 2021 to persuade big industrial firms and oil giants to co-sponsor a mammoth carbon capture project in Texas. Elsewhere, in one email string, officials at Shelldiscuss whether BP, Shell and TotalEnergies — a French oil firm — increased their carbon footprints by selling Canadian oil sands interests to moreeager investors.