A circular economy (CE) approach aims to extend the life of textile products through reuse and repair
and keep end-of-life (EoL) materials in the economy through recycling. Transitioning to a CE is,
therefore, essential to reduce pressure on natural resources, create domestic and sustainable
growth and jobs, and thereby ensure our Nation’s security and economic prosperity. However,
several challenges face the adoption of a circular economy for textiles. In September 2021, The U.S.
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) held a three-day workshop entitled
“Facilitating a Circular Economy for Textiles” aimed at identifying specific challenges and needs to
overcome those barriers. Nearly 150 stakeholders participated in the event including
brands/manufacturers, recyclers, non-profit organizations, industry associations, and researchers
who discussed the current state, bottlenecks, and opportunities for circularity.