Day: November 3, 2020

‘God intended it as a disposable planet’: meet the US pastor preaching climate change denial

Reverend John MacArthur. Wikimedia

by Paul Braterman (University of Glasgow)

Every so often you come across a piece of writing so extraordinary that you cannot help but share it. One such piece is a sermon on global warming by American pastor John MacArthur. Full of beautifully constructed rhetorical flourishes, it is forcefully delivered by an experienced and impassioned preacher to a large and appreciative audience.

For me, as a man of science, it is the most complete compilation of unsound arguments, factual errors and misleading analogies as I have seen in discussions of this subject. But it’s important because climate change is a big election issue this November in the US, where there is a growing movement of evangelical Christians who deny its existence, while Joe Biden promises a “clean air revolution”.

The minister of the COVID-denying, law-defying Grace Community Church in Sun Valley, California – which has encouraged worshippers to congregate as normal despite state COVID-19 restrictions – MacArthur is an impressive figure whose Study Bible has sold almost 2 million copies.

He regards the infallibility of the Bible, from Genesis to Revelation, as essential to his faith, and his sermon about global warming can only be understood in that context. MacArthur’s rejection of the science is shared by other major US ministries and organisations such as Answers in Genesis, Creation Ministries International and the Discovery Institute. https://www.youtube.com/embed/ZTlYl8E_B14?wmode=transparent&start=0

In this sermon, MacArthur paraphrases “a scientist at Cal Tech” (except not a scientist at all, but the novelist Michael Crichton, best known for Jurassic Park), as saying in a lecture:

Consensus science is the first refuge of scoundrels … invoked only in situations where there is a political, social, financial agenda but no scientific support.

The reverend has the most serious reasons possible for rejecting the scientific consensus concerning the age of the Earth, the origins of humankind, the history and prehistory of the ancient near East and the peopling of continents: it is totally incompatible with the Genesis account of creation, Adam and Eve, the flood and the dispersion of peoples from the Tower of Babel.

Error, denial and misunderstanding

As for global warming itself, the reverend channels standard climate change denial, but all his arguments are unsound and have been convincingly refuted to the satisfaction of an overwhelming consensus of climate scientists (see in-depth discussion at Skeptical Science). He understates the amount of global warming, incorrectly describes the full record as dating back only 30 years, and cites the Little Ice Age as evidence that the changes currently taking place are natural. There’s more:

Here’s the key, friends, this is the real deal. Legitimate science recognises a close correlation between sunspots and climate change … The sun is the source of temperature changes because of its infrared variations. … There is absolutely no evidence that CO₂ contributes to warming. On the contrary the opposite is true. Warming produces CO₂ … It’s the other way round.

Here we have a collection of half-truths and misunderstandings, typical of denialists claiming to represent “legitimate science”. As the graph below shows, the 11-year sunspot cycle is a minor deviation, and the temperature increase since 1980 has occurred despite the fact that over that period the amount of solar energy falling on Earth has gone down slightly. Incidentally, this solar energy input is concentrated mainly in the visible, not the infrared, region of the spectrum, and it is the roughly balancing heat outflow from the Earth that is in the infrared.

Graph showing global temperature change between 1980 and 2015
NASA, Author provided

MacArthur offers a false dichotomy between saying that CO₂ warms the oceans, and warmer oceans release more CO₂. Unfortunately, both these statements are true. There is a positive feedback loop: human-released CO₂ is the primary driver, but its effect is amplified by the fact that yet more CO₂ is then released from non-human sources. Regarding CO₂ itself, MacArthur seems to be even more confused:

By the way, plants produce CO₂. What man produces is marginal … Industry doesn’t affect CO₂ in the environment or atmosphere.

Plants do produce CO₂ but they absorb more than they emit. However, when it comes to humans, their activity may cause only a small imbalance each year between CO₂ emission and natural uptake, but this imbalance is cumulative. CO₂ levels are now 50% above pre-industrial, and subtle atomic differences clearly show that fossil fuel is the source. But according to MacArthur, “There is no scientific reason to believe that ice caps are melting”. https://www.youtube.com/embed/O9uunW_DBZE?wmode=transparent&start=0

Despite the Arctic Monitoring and Assement Programme’s video on this subject, the reverend does not think that the evidence for ice-cap melting is scientific, and that other factors are at play:

This is all political [and] financial agendas, class warfare, class envy … By the way, US$100 billion has been spent to make a case for global warming … driven by the socialist mentality … even some of the feminist mentality that resents male success.

All is now clear. Talk of global warming is part of a politically motivated conspiracy. But US$100 billion? That’s 600 years’ worth of all federal climate research spending. Clearly, those pesky socialists and feminists are formidable fundraisers. However, none of this matters because environmentalism is fundamentally misplaced. As MacArthur puts it, citing Revelation and the integrity of scripture:

God intended us to use this planet, to fill this planet for the benefit of man. Never was it intended to be a permanent planet. It is a disposable planet. Christians ought to know that.

And that is a statement that would leave anybody who cares about this world speechless.

Paul Braterman, Hon. Research Fellow; Professor Emeritus in Chemistry, University of Glasgow

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.

Trees and lawns beat the heat

Read the full story from the University of Utah.

As climate change pushes many cities towards dangerous temperatures, planners are scrambling to mitigate excessive heat. One strategy is to replace artificial surfaces with vegetation cover. In water-limited regions, municipalities have to balance the benefit of cooler temperatures with using precious water for irrigation. A new study will make those decisions easier for the semi-arid Salt Lake Valley, the largest metropolitan area in Utah located in the northern part of the state.

Associated journal article: Carolina Gómez-Navarro, Diane E. Pataki, Eric R. Pardyjak, David R. Bowling. Effects of vegetation on the spatial and temporal variation of microclimate in the urbanized Salt Lake ValleyAgricultural and Forest Meteorology, 2021; 296: 108211 DOI: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2020.108211

Amazon’s Alexa Fund Invests in Greentech Startup Rise Gardens

Read the full story at Built in Chicago.

Smart home gardens are having their moment in the sun — or, rather, under the LED lamp. On Tuesday, Rise Gardens, a smart garden startup based in Chicago, announced it landed fresh seed funding from Amazon’s Alexa Fund.

Act now on wildfires, global climate change, human health, study says

Read the full story from Monash University.

Immediate actions are needed to limit the greenhouse gas emissions that are driving climate change that helps fuel wildfires, a new study says.

Associated journal article: Rongbin Xu, Pei Yu, Michael J. Abramson, Fay H. Johnston, Jonathan M. Samet, Michelle L. Bell, Andy Haines, Kristie L. Ebi, Shanshan Li, Yuming Guo. Wildfires, Global Climate Change, and Human HealthNew England Journal of Medicine, 2020; DOI: 10.1056/NEJMsr2028985

Integrated Hydrogen Sensor/Separation Module Provides Long-Term Boosts in Efficiency and Revenue in Solar Power Plants

Read the full story from NREL.

NREL and Acconia Solar Power have developed a technology to reverse the costly effects of hydrogen buildup in concentrating solar power receiver fields.

Too Much Sun Degrades Coatings That Keep Pipes From Corroding, Risking Leaks, Spills and Explosions

Read the full story at Inside Climate News.

Pipeline installation delays leave pipes stored longer than recommended aboveground, where UV light can deteriorate the coatings that prevent corrosion.

BrightFarms raises $100M to fund greenhouse expansion

Read the full story in Food Dive.

BrightFarms is raising $100 million in new investment funds led by Cox Enterprises, the indoor farming company said in a statement.

The funds will help expand BrightFarms’ network of hydroponic greenhouse farms to all major U.S. markets, grow existing and new retailer partnerships, and meet increasing consumer demand for fresh, locally grown produce.

Few sectors in the food space have been as popular with investors in recent weeks as indoor greenhouses, reflecting increased consumer demand for their fruits and vegetables. In late September, Revol Greens raised $68 million in a funding round to finance its growth, AppHarvest announced plans to go public and Plenty Unlimited received $140 million in funds.

How to Characterize Business Excellence and Determine the Relation between Business Excellence and Sustainability

Jankalová, M.; Jankal, R. (2020). “How to Characterize Business Excellence and Determine the Relation between Business Excellence and Sustainability.” Sustainability, 12(15), 6198. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12156198 [open access]

Abstract: A descriptive attribute or characteristic of an object is called dimension. In the area of Business Excellence, this concept is associated with national quality awards and Business Excellence models. The aim of the paper is to identify the Business Excellence dimensions, on the grounds of comparative analysis of selected national quality award models, including determination of relations between the Business Excellence and Sustainability. Cross-cultural comparison of Business Excellence core values in the analyzed excellence models/national quality awards will be helpful in identification of the Business Excellence dimensions. The main findings of this study are: The basis for achieving Business Excellence is to respect the core principles of TQM (Total Quality Management); Business Excellence dimensions can be identified based on core values; Business Excellence can be characterized through dimensions; there is a relationship between the Business Excellence dimensions and the Sustainability dimensions. This study is based on information that was gathered through an extensive literature review (research publications and research studies (documents) about the national quality awards and Business Excellence models using Internet and research databases (Web of Science, Scopus, EBSCO) and the authors’ own experience. Methods of analysis, comparison, selection, abstraction, induction, deduction, determination, and statistics were used. The paper is organized as follows: the methodology approach; the comparative review of the secondary data on Business Excellence core values in the analyzed models; discussion about the main findings, including the link between the Business Excellence dimensions and Sustainability dimensions

I’m deaf, and this is what happens when I get on a Zoom call

Read the full story at Fast Company.

Can you hear me? No, but I can read you. A hearing-impaired product designer has his team experience his world and says we need to make work more inclusive for people living with disabilites.

Reebok Sows Seeds of Sustainability with Plant-Based Running Footwear

Read the full story at Waste360.

Boston-based multinational Reebok’s newest foray into plant-based footwear is a running shoe meant to withstand marathon-length distances.

The shoe and apparel company released its much anticipated Forever Floatride Grow on Oct. 1, 2020. The footwear targets the environmentally-conscious runners looking to progress their sustainability efforts without sacrificing performance.

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