Agriculture is the leading driver of tropical deforestation worldwide, and hundreds of private and public entities have attempted to slow deforestation by changing the way the world produces, procures, and distributes agricultural commodities. These efforts manifest themselves in company commitments, government pledges, voluntary market-exclusion agreements, and sustainable certification standards that affect different parts of agricultural commodity supply chains; but is this ‘supply chain movement’ having impacts on the ground? And if so, what are these impacts?
This study reviewed relevant literature and reached out to dozens of experts who are directly or indirectly involved in agricultural supply chains in key tropical forestry countries to explore, among other things, the environmental, economic, and political impacts of the supply chain movement. It also reviewed media reports on deforestation related to certain commodities from 2013 to 2017.