Novel carbon capture and utilisation technologies: Research and climate aspects

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As the effects of climate change are becoming more visible, technologies for mitigating these effects are being sought. Do Carbon Capture and Utilisation (CCU) technologies have the potential to contribute signifcantly to such mitigation eforts? These technologies aim to extract CO2 either from concentrated sources such as the chimneys at coal- or natural gas-fred power stations, steel mills or cement factories or directly from the ambient air, and then use it as a raw material for carbon-containing products, such as fuels, chemical products, and building materials. At the same time, carbon dioxide is a notoriously inert molecule and conversion processes can be a highly energy intensive process and it is therefore crucial that this energy comes from carbon-free sources. This is the framework within which this report discusses CCU.

 

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