Lindgreen, E.R., van Schendel, M., Jonker, N. et al. (2018). “Evaluating the environmental impact of debit card payments.” International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 23, 1847. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11367-017-1408-6
Abstract: Consumers in the Netherlands made more than 3.2 billion debit card transactions at points-of-sale in 2015, corresponding to over half of all point-of-sale payments in that year. This study provides insights into the environmental impact of debit card transactions based on a life cycle assessment (LCA). In addition, it identifies several areas within the debit card payment chain where the environmental impact can be reduced.