Energy Efficiency Savings Protocols

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This document provides a set of model protocols for determining energy and demand savings that result from specific energy efficiency measures implemented through state and utility efficiency programs. The methods described here are approaches that are — or are among — the most commonly used in the energy efficiency industry for certain measures or programs. As such, they draw from the existing body of research and best practices for energy efficiency program evaluation, measurement, and verification (EM&V).

These protocols were developed as part of the Uniform Methods Project (UMP), funded by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The principal objective for the project was to establish easy-to-follow protocols based on commonly accepted methods for a core set of commonly deployed energy efficiency measures.

New Harvard Business School Working Paper about public sector green building’s influence on private sector development

In a recent Harvard Business School Working Paper entitled “Public Procurement and the Private Supply of Green Buildings”, researchers Timothy Simcoe and Michael W. Toffel examined the impact of environmentally friendly government procurement policies on private-sector adoption of the targeted products.

The authors found that municipal government green building procurement policies that apply only to municipal buildings also accelerate the use of green building practices in the private sector, both in the cities with these policies as well as in neighboring cities. They also found that such government policies encourage private-sector investment in complementary services, which likely reduces green building costs to private developers.

New Harvard Business School Working Paper on incentivizing behavior change to reduce carbon emissions

In a working paper from Harvard Business School entitled “Pay for Environmental Performance: The Effect of Incentive Provision on Carbon Emissions”, researchers Robert G. Eccles, Ioannis Ioannou, Shelley Xin Li, and George Serafeim analyzed the incentive structures of climate change management for a sample of large, predominantly multinational organizations, then characterized and assessed the effectiveness of different types of incentive schemes that corporations have adopted to encourage employees to reduce carbon emissions. Some of their key findings include:

  • Monetary incentives are associated with higher carbon emissions.
  • Non-monetary incentives are associated with lower carbon emissions.
  • When employees perceive their action as socially positive, the adoption of non-monetary incentives might be more effective than monetary incentives in reducing carbon emissions.
  • For tasks involving socially positive behavior, monetary incentives are not effective and actually detrimental unless they are provided to people for whom such tasks constitute part of their formal job responsibility.

Earth Day: Recent Research on Sustainability

In celebration of Earth Day, Harvard Business School complied a list of recent research relating to the the history, efficacy, and social responsibility found at the intersection of business and the environment. Read the summaries and download the papers at

Electronics Recycler Launches E-Waste Tracking Software

Read the full story in Environmental Leader.

Electronic Recyclers International (ERI) has launched a new tracking and transparency system that gives customers complete real-time access to the status of their organizational recycling efforts, the company says.

The MyTrackTech software gives organizations that recycle their electronic waste through ERI up-to-the-minute access to their accounts and allows them to schedule shipments, review reports, and customize their recycling tracking.