2009 Residential Energy Consumption Survey – Preliminary Microdata

The Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) is a national sample survey that collects energy-related data for housing units occupied as a primary residence and the households that live in them. First conducted in 1978, the 2009 version represents the 13th iteration of the RECS program. Data were collected from 12,083 households selected at random using a complex multistage, area-probability sample design.The sample represents 113.6 million U.S. households, the Census Bureau’s statistical estimate for all occupied housing units in 2009 derived from their American Community Survey (ACS).

For the first time in its history, EIA offers a preliminary 2009 RECS Public Use Microdata File (PUMF) for users who wish to perform custom statistical tabulations and economic analysis.This preliminary file contains housing unit characteristics based on information collected or derived from answers provided by survey respondents. Square footage, weather data, consumption, and expenditure variables will be released in a future version of the PUMF. Data are available in two formats: a comma delimited file and a SAS data file. The comma delimited data file is accompanied by a corresponding “Layout File”, which contains descriptive labels and formats for each data variable. Users should also refer to the “Response Code Labels” file, which contains the descriptive labels for variables and descriptions of the response codes.

Additional data variables will be appended to the 2009 RECS PUMF in the coming months and include household square footage components and totals, weather data (heating and cooling degree days), and a full complement of energy consumption, expenditures and end-uses data for households that completed a RECS interview.


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